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Stringer, Richard. (2022). Waiting for the Stop Sign to Turn Green: Contemporary Issues on Drug and Alcohol Impaired Driving Policy. American Journal of Criminal Justice Special Edition on Contemporary Drug Issues in Criminal Justice. 47(4),735-748.



Stringer, Richard. (2021). Deterring the Drunk Driver: An Examination of Conditional Deterrence and Self-Reported Drunk Driving. Crime & Delinquency, Published Online November 11, 2021.

Stringer, Richard. (2020). Drunk Driving and Deterrence: Exploring the Reconceptualized Deterrence Hypothesis and Self-Reported Drunk Driving. Journal of Crime and Justice, 44(3), 316 - 331.


Stringer, Richard, and Scott Maggard. (2019). From “Just Say No” to “I Didn’t Inhale” to “We Have Bigger Fish to Fry”: The President and Attitudes Toward Marijuana Legalization (1975-2016)”. Deviant Behavior 42(1), 112-129.

Sohoni, Tracy, Richard Stringer, and Sylwia Piatkowska. (2019). Suspended Licenses, Suspended Lives: The Impact of Drug-related Driver’s License Suspensions on Traffic Fatalities. Journal of Crime and Justice 43(3), 307 – 322.

Stringer, Richard, Garland White, Randy Gainey, and Ruth Triplett. (2019). Routine Drinking Activities and Drunk Driving: An Examination of Alcohol Outlets and DUI Crashes. Journal of Drug Issues, 49(4), 718-738.

Stringer, Richard. (2018). Policing the Drunk Driving Problem: A Longitudinal Examination of DUI Enforcement and Alcohol Related Crashes in the U.S. (1985-2015). American Journal of Criminal Justice, 44(3), 474-478.

Holland, Melanie & Richard Stringer. (2018). Immigrant Threat and Latino/a Disadvantage: Disentangling the Impact of Anti-Immigration Attitudes on Ethnic Sentencing Disparities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 42(2), 140-160.

Stringer, Richard. (2018). Traffic Safety Culture of Drunk Driving: An Examination of Community and DUI Related Fatal Crashes in the U.S. (1985-2015). Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behavior, 56, 371-380.

Stringer, Richard. (2018). Are Buzzed Drivers Really the Problem: A Quasi-Experimental Multilevel Assessment of the Involvement of Drivers with Low Blood Alcohol Levels and in Fatal Crashes. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 29(5), 464-488. 

Stringer, Richard & Scott Maggard. (2016). Reefer Madness to Marijuana Legalization:  Media Exposure and American Attitudes toward Marijuana (1975 -2012). Journal of Drug Issues, 46(4), 428-445.

Stringer, Richard & Melanie Holland. (2016). It’s Not All Black and White: A Propensity Score Matched, Multilevel Examination of Racial Drug Sentencing Disparities. The Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 14(4), 327-347.

Scholarly Publications


My research agenda generally centers on drug and alcohol policy with a special interest in drunk driving policy and advanced quantitative methods. I also have substantive interests in other areas such as law and society, courts and sentencing, and policing. My analytical perspective focuses on the way society reacts to substance use and the effect that these reactions have on society. Thus, the interaction of law and society is generally a common theme in my research. For example, I have found that public opinion about marijuana legalization is related to media more than actual marijuana use, that proposed changes in DUI policy will likely have little impact on fatal crashes while drastically increasing DUI arrests, and drug sentencing outcomes are greatly influenced by extralegal social factors such as racial and economic inequality. Currently my drunk driving research is being funded by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). Some examples of my prior reseach are provided below.

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